who wrote joshua 1:9

Joshua 1:8 Keep this Book of the Law always on your lips; meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do everything written in it. In many cases they were complete strangers to one another. For exilic and post-exilic readers, the land was both the sign of Yahweh's faithfulness and Israel's unfaithfulness, as well as the centre of their ethnic identity. 8 And after the whole nation had been circumcised, they remained where they were in camp until they were healed.(GE). [49] A related moral condemnation can be seen in "The political sacralization of imperial genocide: contextualizing Timothy Dwight's The Conquest of Canaan" by Bill Templer. (KQ) 8 When you have taken the city, set it on fire. This is what I have done: 21 When I saw in the plunder(JX) a beautiful robe from Babylonia,[n] two hundred shekels[o] of silver and a bar of gold weighing fifty shekels,[p] I coveted(JY) them and took them. Joshua 1:6-9 Three times in His commissioning of Joshua, God admonished him to have courage. (KL) For I have delivered(KM) into your hands the king of Ai, his people, his city and his land. With Angela Lansbury, John Astin, Tom Bosley, Chuck Connors. 13 The seven priests carrying the seven trumpets went forward, marching before the ark of the Lord and blowing the trumpets. 8 Then the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid;(KI) do not be discouraged. I don’t know which way they went. The Book of Joshua is an anonymous work. 20 And Joshua set up at Gilgal the twelve stones(FN) they had taken out of the Jordan. 20 This is what we will do to them: We will let them live, so that God’s wrath will not fall on us for breaking the oath(NH) we swore to them.” 21 They continued, “Let them live,(NI) but let them be woodcutters and water carriers(NJ) in the service of the whole assembly.” So the leaders’ promise to them was kept. The tribes to whom Moses had granted land east of the Jordan are authorized to return home to Gilead (here used in the widest sense for the whole Transjordan district),[14] having faithfully 'kept the charge' (Joshua 22:3, English Revised Version) of supporting the tribes occupying Canaan. (EF) So the people crossed over opposite Jericho. Numbers 21), and the 31 kings on the west of the Jordan who were defeated under Joshua's leadership (Joshua 12:7–24). [32][33], The earliest complete surviving copy of the Book of Joshua in Hebrew is in the Aleppo Codex (10th century CE). The people then returned to their inheritance i.e. Be careful to obey(R) all the law(S) my servant Moses(T) gave you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left,(U) that you may be successful wherever you go. The wording of Joshua 18:1–4 suggests that the tribes of Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh received their land allocation some time before the "remaining seven tribes", and a 21-member expedition set out to survey the remainder of the land with a view to organising the allocation to the tribes of Simeon, Benjamin, Asher, Naphtali, Zebulun, Issachar and Dan. Subsequently, 48 cities with their surrounding lands were allocated to the Tribe of Levi (Joshua 21:1–41, cf. They have taken some of the devoted things; they have stolen, they have lied,(JD) they have put them with their own possessions. 6 Joshua said to the priests, “Take up the ark of the covenant and pass on ahead of the people.” So they took it up and went ahead of them. 16 She said to them, “Go to the hills(CD) so the pursuers(CE) will not find you. [g], 4 Now this is why he did so: All those who came out of Egypt—all the men of military age(FY)—died in the wilderness on the way after leaving Egypt. Be careful to obey all the law my servant Moses gave you "4QJOSHª and the History of Tradition in the Book of Joshua,", "Deuteronomistic Historiography (DH): History of Research and Debated Issues", "The Rewritten Joshua Scrolls from Qumran: Texts, Translations, and Commentary", "Scholars search for pages of ancient Hebrew Bible", "Discrepancies in manuscripts show how Old Testament scribes edited the Book of Joshua", "Testing the Factuality of the Conquest of Ai Narrative in the Book of Joshua", "Tell Es-Sultan (Jericho): Radiocarbon Results…", "Martin Noth and the Deuteronomistic History", "Historiographic Views on the Settlement of the Jewish Tribes in Canaan", "The Deuteronomist from Joshua to Samuel", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Book_of_Joshua&oldid=996542533, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Joshua led the Israelites out of the wilderness into the Promised Land, crossing the Jordan River as if on dry ground (3:16), just as Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt through the, Joshua's vision of the "commander of Yahweh's army" (5:13–15) is reminiscent of the divine revelation to Moses in the, Joshua successfully intercedes on behalf of the Israelites when Yahweh is angry for their failure to fully observe the "ban" (, Joshua and the Israelites were able to defeat the people at Ai because Joshua followed the divine instruction to extend his sword (Josh 8:18), just as the people were able to defeat the, Joshua is "old, advanced in years (13:1) at the time when the Israelites can begin to settle on the promised land, just as Moses was old when he died having seen, but not entered, the Promised Land (Deuteronomy 34:7), Joshua served as the mediator of the renewed covenant between Yahweh and Israel at Shechem (8:30–35; 24), just as Moses was the mediator of Yahweh's covenant with the people at. He recounts the history of God's formation of the Israelite nation, beginning with "Terah, the father of Abraham and Nahor, [who] lived beyond the Euphrates River and worshiped other gods" (Joshua 24:2). Three days(AG) from now you will cross the Jordan(AH) here to go in and take possession(AI) of the land the Lord your God is giving you for your own.’”, 12 But to the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh,(AJ) Joshua said, 13 “Remember the command that Moses the servant of the Lord gave you after he said, ‘The Lord your God will give you rest(AK) by giving you this land.’ 14 Your wives,(AL) your children and your livestock may stay in the land(AM) that Moses gave you east of the Jordan, but all your fighting men, ready for battle,(AN) must cross over ahead of your fellow Israelites. 1 After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord,(A) the Lord said to Joshua(B) son of Nun, Moses’ aide: 2 “Moses my servant is dead. 10 But Joshua had commanded the army, “Do not give a war cry, do not raise your voices, do not say a word until the day I tell you to shout. [43]:79 Obedience ties in the Jordan crossing, the defeat of Jericho and Ai, circumcision and Passover, and the public display and reading of the Law. 9) Joshua is said to have written parts of the book himself (8:32; 24:26) c. Some parts of the book were written latter than Joshua, but not much later: 1) The phrase “to this day” suggests a time later, but not much later, than the 8 [2] Its Hebrew name is the same as its first word, Bereshit ("In the beginning"). "[41]:40–41, Obedience versus disobedience is a constant theme of the work. 20 The men of Ai looked back and saw the smoke of the city rising up into the sky,(LG) but they had no chance to escape in any direction; the Israelites who had been fleeing toward the wilderness had turned back against their pursuers. (EG) 17 The priests(EH) who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord stopped in the middle of the Jordan and stood on dry ground,(EI) while all Israel passed by until the whole nation had completed the crossing on dry ground. Be strong and courageous. 19 All the silver and gold and the articles of bronze and iron(HK) are sacred to the Lord and must go into his treasury.”. They entered the city and captured it and quickly set it on fire.(LF). [6]:180, The narrative then switches to the south. 14 So on the second day they marched around the city once and returned to the camp. Directed by Peter Crane. 22 Joshua said to the two men(HQ) who had spied out(HR) the land, “Go into the prostitute’s house and bring her out and all who belong to her, in accordance with your oath to her. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-historical-books The Hebrew nation had come to … While it seems simple (the author is Moses or not), scholars don’t necessarily treat it as a yes or no question—they also have to consider that Moses may have written part of Genesis.For some, orthodoxy simply suggests that Moses wrote the whole Pentateuch, perhaps with the exception of postmosaica passages such as Genes… Be strong and courageous. They chased the Israelites from the city gate as far as the stone quarries and struck them down on the slopes. At this the hearts of the people melted in fear(IR) and became like water. All the bread of their food supply was dry and moldy. their allocated lands (Joshua 24:28). 8 When Joshua had spoken to the people, the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets before the Lord went forward, blowing their trumpets, and the ark of the Lord’s covenant followed them. The whole assembly grumbled(NG) against the leaders, 19 but all the leaders answered, “We have given them our oath by the Lord, the God of Israel, and we cannot touch them now. He pointed to two sets of archaeological findings that "seem to suggest that the biblical account is in general correct regarding the nature of the late thirteenth and twelfth-eleventh centuries in the country" (i.e., "a period of tremendous violence"). Israel broke faith with God regarding the “devoted things” (Joshua 7:1). 19 If any of them go outside your house into the street, their blood will be on their own heads;(CL) we will not be responsible. Joshua wrote his own book. 14 When the king of Ai saw this, he and all the men of the city hurried out early in the morning to meet Israel in battle at a certain place overlooking the Arabah. CHAPTER 9 Confederacy Against Israel. Be strong and very courageous. They are hidden in the ground inside my tent, with the silver underneath.”. Joshua indicated that the Canaanites were in Gezer "to this day" (Josh 16:10) until they were captured and routed by the Egyptians during King Solomon’s time (1 Kings 9:16). [6]:175, Rahab, a Canaanite woman of the Bible, sets in motion the entrance into Canaan by the Israelites. 18 But keep away from the devoted things,(HH) so that you will not bring about your own destruction by taking any of them. For the Lord has given you the city! They arrive at Rahab's house and spend the night. 2 You shall do to Ai and its king as you did to Jericho and its king, except that you may carry off their plunder(KN) and livestock for yourselves. 2 Now Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai,(IL) which is near Beth Aven(IM) to the east of Bethel,(IN) and told them, “Go up and spy out(IO) the region.” So the men went up and spied out Ai. For example, the walls of Jericho fall because Yahweh fights for Israel, not because the Israelites show superior fighting ability. That night Joshua went into the valley. Joshua thanked them for their faithful role in the conquest (Joshua 22:1-6). All this time the trumpets were sounding. [46] David Ben-Gurion saw in the war narrative of Joshua an ideal basis for a unifying national myth for his new State of Israel, framed against a common enemy, the Arabs. [41]:33 The land is Yahweh's to give or withhold, and the fact that he has promised it to Israel gives Israel an inalienable right to take it. 13 “Go, consecrate the people. Then all Israel stoned him,(KC) and after they had stoned the rest, they burned them. (FF) 13 About forty thousand armed for battle(FG) crossed over(FH) before the Lord to the plains of Jericho for war. And our clothes and sandals are worn out by the very long journey.”. 3 Chapter 1 I. Jehovah’s charge to Joshua (1:1-9): A. 6 Then Joshua tore his clothes(IS) and fell facedown(IT) to the ground before the ark of the Lord, remaining there till evening. 23 They took the things from the tent, brought them to Joshua and all the Israelites and spread them out before the Lord. (LY) 32 There, in the presence of the Israelites, Joshua wrote on stones a copy of the law of Moses. 8 “We are your servants,(MS)” they said to Joshua. As for those who are in the house with you, their blood will be on our head(CM) if a hand is laid on them. Then the army returned to camp and spent the night there. [23]:20, The Deuteronomistic history draws parallels in proper leadership between Moses, Joshua and Josiah. 27 So the Lord was with Joshua,(ID) and his fame spread(IE) throughout the land. (LI) 23 But they took the king of Ai alive(LJ) and brought him to Joshua. The book was probably revised and completed after the fall of Jerusalem to the Neo-Babylonian Empire in 586 BCE, and possibly after the return from the Babylonian exile in 538 BCE. (LD) 19 As soon as he did this, the men in the ambush rose quickly(LE) from their position and rushed forward. 15 Now the Jordan(DW) is at flood stage(DX) all during harvest. (GD) 7 So he raised up their sons in their place, and these were the ones Joshua circumcised. Then you will be prosperous and successful. [21]:71–72 Given its lack of historicity, Carolyn Pressler in her commentary for the Westminster Bible Companion series suggests that readers of Joshua should give priority to its theological message ("what passages teach about God") and be aware of what these would have meant to audiences in the 7th and 6th centuries BCE. On it they offered to the Lord burnt offerings and sacrificed fellowship offerings. The Book of Joshua closes with three concluding items (referred to in the Jerusalem Bible as "Two Additions"):[17], There were no Levitical cities given to the descendants of Aaron in Ephraim, so theologians Carl Friedrich Keil and Franz Delitzsch supposed the land may have been at Geba in the territory of the Tribe of Benjamin: "the situation, 'upon the mountains of Ephraim', is not at variance with this view, as these mountains extended, according to Judges 4:5, etc., far into the territory of Benjamin".[18]. Tell(JW) me what you have done; do not hide it from me.”, 20 Achan replied, “It is true! 3 Every place on which the sole of your foot treads, I have given it to you, just as I spoke to Moses. 18 Joshua had his family come forward man by man, and Achan son of Karmi, the son of Zimri, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah,(JT) was chosen. (AR) Only may the Lord your God be with you as he was with Moses. Do not be frightened, and do not be dismayed, for the Lord your God is with you wherever you go.” Outline: Entering the Promise Land (1:1-5:12) [22]:5–6 Richard Nelson explained that the needs of the centralised monarchy favoured a single story of origins, combining old traditions of an exodus from Egypt, belief in a national god as "divine warrior," and explanations for ruined cities, social stratification and ethnic groups, and contemporary tribes. New International Version (NIV), So she sent them away, and they departed. They went down out of the hills, forded the river and came to Joshua son of Nun and told him everything that had happened to them. The conquest begins with the battle of Jericho, followed by Ai (central Canaan), after which Joshua builds an altar to Yahweh at Mount Ebal in northern Canaan and renews the Covenant in a ceremony with elements of a divine land-grant ceremony, similar to ceremonies known from Mesopotamia. 21 He said to the Israelites, “In the future when your descendants ask their parents, ‘What do these stones mean?’(FO) 22 tell them, ‘Israel crossed the Jordan on dry ground.’(FP) 23 For the Lord your God dried up the Jordan before you until you had crossed over. All rights reserved worldwide. The people's pledge of loyalty to Joshua as the successor of Moses recalls royal practices. And Joshua took the stone knives with which he had circumcised the children of Israel, which were in the way in the wilderness, and he placed them in Tamnath Sarach.[13]. A reduced version of the Septuagint text is found in the illustrated Joshua Roll. What are you doing down on your face? The only exception is in the battle of Ai (Joshua 7). 10 The Lord said to Joshua, “Stand up! Those who wrote the Bible lived at different times, some separated by hundreds of years. Transfer of leadership to Joshua (1:1–18), II. 1 When Moses, servant of Yahweh, was dead, Yahweh spoke to Joshua son of Nun, Moses' adjutant. God had commanded the Israelites to devote everything The people hurried over, 11 and as soon as all of them had crossed, the ark of the Lord and the priests came to the other side while the people watched. Do this for six days. 22 Those in the ambush also came out of the city against them, so that they were caught in the middle, with Israelites on both sides. I AM LITERALLY BLESSED TO KNOW THAT THE EXPERIENCE IN THE BOOK OF JOSHUA I AM LITERALLY BLESSED TO KNOW THAT THE EXPERIENCE IN THE BOOK OF JOSHUA WAS ACTUALLY WRITTEN BY JOSHUA HIMSELF , THUS THE IMPACT OF YAHWEHs HAND … They set up camp north of Ai, with the valley between them and the city. Otherwise you will make the camp of Israel liable to destruction(HI) and bring trouble(HJ) on it. (IU) The elders of Israel(IV) did the same, and sprinkled dust(IW) on their heads. [39]:159 Yahweh, as the main character in the book, takes the initiative in conquering the land, and Yahweh's power wins the battles. NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story, NIV, Quest Study Bible, Comfort Print: The Only Q and A Study Bible, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Luke, Comfort Print, NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, Red Letter Edition: Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture. (KJ) Take the whole army(KK) with you, and go up and attack Ai. [10] Joshua 14:1 also makes reference to the role of Eleazar the priest (ahead of Joshua) in the distribution process. 1998. Because of Rahab's actions, the Israelites are able to enter Canaan. 30 Then Joshua built on Mount Ebal(LV) an altar(LW) to the Lord, the God of Israel, 31 as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded the Israelites. (JU), 19 Then Joshua said to Achan, “My son, give glory(JV) to the Lord, the God of Israel, and honor him. 1 Now after the death of Moses the servant of the Lord it came to pass, that the Lord spake unto Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister, saying, 2 Moses my servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, unto the land which I do give to them, even to the children of Israel. [5]:63, The prevailing scholarly view is that Joshua is not a factual account of historical events. (KS) See to it; you have my orders.”. [5]:26–30 There is now general agreement that it was composed as part of a larger work, the Deuteronomistic history, stretching from the Book of Deuteronomy to the Books of Kings,[6]:174 composed first at the court of king Josiah in the late 7th century BCE, and extensively revised in the 6th century BCE. [48], By the same token, the Biblical narrative of conquest has been used as an apparatus of critique against Zionism. [30] He gives particular weight to what were then recent digs at Hazor by Yigael Yadin. And she tied the scarlet cord, The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the, That is, about 3,000 feet or about 900 meters, That is, about 5 pounds or about 2.3 kilograms, That is, about 1 1/4 pounds or about 575 grams, Most Hebrew manuscripts; some Hebrew manuscripts, Vulgate and Syriac (see also Septuagint), Gain a concise, fundamental grasp of what the Bible is all about with our new, ver 17; S Ge 26:3; S 39:2; Jdg 6:12; 1Sa 10:7; Jer 1:8; 30:11, Ezr 7:26; Ps 78:10; 119:136; Isa 42:24; Jer 26:4-6; 32:23; 44:10, Dt 29:9; 1Sa 18:14; Ps 1:1-3; Isa 52:13; 53:10; Jer 23:5, S Dt 31:6; Jos 10:8; 2Ki 19:6; Isa 35:4; 37:6, S Ex 33:14; Ps 55:6; Isa 11:10; 28:12; 30:15; 32:18; 40:31; Jer 6:16; 45:3; La 5:5, Nu 22:1; Jdg 3:28; 7:24; 12:5, 6; Isa 16:2, S Dt 22:8; Jdg 16:27; 2Sa 16:22; Ne 8:16; Isa 15:3; 22:1; Jer 32:29, Ex 15:14; Jos 5:1; 7:5; 2Sa 4:1; Ps 22:14; Isa 13:7; 19:1; Jer 51:30; Na 2:10, S Ge 24:14; S Ex 3:12; Jos 4:6; 1Sa 2:34; 2Ki 19:29, Jos 10:8; 11:6; Jdg 3:28; 7:9, 14; 20:28; 1Sa 14:10, Dt 5:26; 1Sa 17:26, 36; 2Ki 19:4, 16; Ps 18:46; 42:2; 84:2; Isa 37:4, 17; Jer 10:10; 23:36; Da 6:26; Hos 1:10; S Mt 16:16, S Ex 3:8; S 23:23; S Dt 7:1; Jos 9:1; 11:3; 12:8; Jdg 19:11; 1Ch 11:4, ver 13; Ex 19:5; Dt 10:14; Job 9:10; 28:24; 41:11; Ps 50:12; 97:5; Zec 6:5, 1Ki 8:60; 18:36; 2Ki 5:15; Ps 67:2; 83:18; 106:8; Isa 37:20; 52:10, Ex 15:16; 1Ch 29:12; Ps 44:3; 89:13; 98:1; 118:15-16, ver 20; 1Sa 4:5; 2Sa 6:15; Ezr 3:11; 10:12; Ps 42:4; 95:1; Isa 8:9; 42:13, ver 21; Lev 27:28; Dt 20:17; Isa 13:5; 24:1; 34:2, 5; Mal 4:6, Lev 25:9; Jdg 6:34; 7:22; 1Ki 1:41; Isa 18:3; 27:13; Jer 4:21; 42:14; Am 2:2, Jos 18:12; 1Sa 13:5; 14:23; Hos 4:15; 5:8; 10:5, Ge 12:8; Jos 12:16; 16:1; Jdg 1:22; 1Sa 30:27; 2Ki 23:15; Jer 48:13; Am 3:14; 4:4; 5:5-6; 7:10, 13, S Ge 42:28; Ps 22:14; Isa 13:7; Eze 21:7; Na 2:10, 1Sa 4:12; 2Sa 13:19; 15:32; Ne 9:1; Job 2:12; La 2:10; Eze 27:30; Rev 18:19, Dt 28:58; 1Sa 12:22; Ps 48:10; 106:8; Jer 14:21, S Ex 9:27; Dt 29:27; Jos 24:16-27; 2Ki 17:7; Hos 10:9, ver 15; Jos 6:17-19; 23:16; Jdg 2:20; 1Sa 15:24; Ps 78:10, Dt 7:25; 2Ki 25:9; 1Ch 14:12; Isa 37:19; Jer 43:12; Eze 30:16, Ex 14:17; 1Sa 6:5; Ps 96:8; Isa 42:12; Jer 13:16; Jn 9:24*, S Lev 20:2; Dt 17:5; 1Ki 12:18; 2Ch 10:18; 24:21; Ne 9:26, ver 17; Jos 10:10; 11:19; 18:25; 21:17; 2Sa 2:12; 5:25; 20:8; 1Ki 3:4; 9:2; 1Ch 8:29; 14:16; 16:39; 21:29; 2Ch 1:3; Ne 3:7; Isa 28:21; Jer 28:1; 41:12, S ver 3, 7; Jos 10:1, 4; 11:19; 2Sa 21:2; 24:1, Jos 15:9, 60; 18:14, 15; Jdg 18:12; 1Sa 6:21; 7:2; Ps 132:6; Jer 26:20, ver 15; Jdg 21:1, 7, 18; 1Sa 20:17; Ps 15:4. Disobedience appears in the story of Achan (stoned for violating the herem command), the Gibeonites, and the altar built by the Transjordan tribes. 4 But the woman had taken the two men(BA) and hidden them. (HC) 16 The seventh time around, when the priests sounded the trumpet blast, Joshua commanded the army, “Shout! Joshua's own immediate obedience is seen in his speeches to the Israelite commanders and to the Transjordanian tribes, and the Transjordanians' affirmation of Joshua's leadership echoes Yahweh's assurances of victory. n Be strong and courageous. (CP), 22 When they left, they went into the hills and stayed there three days,(CQ) until the pursuers(CR) had searched all along the road and returned without finding them. 27 That day he made the Gibeonites(NQ) woodcutters and water carriers(NR) for the assembly, to provide for the needs of the altar of the Lord at the place the Lord would choose. They took twelve stones(EW) from the middle of the Jordan,(EX) according to the number of the tribes of the Israelites, as the Lord had told Joshua;(EY) and they carried them over with them to their camp, where they put them down. The departing tribes built what appeared to be an altar on the frontier just west of the Jordan River (verses 10-12). God promised to guide and strengthen Joshua, just as he had Moses (Dt 31:23; cf. (NS) And that is what they are to this day. The covenant-renewal ceremony led by Joshua was the prerogative of the kings of Judah. [30], The Book of Joshua holds little historical value. They gave to him the city for which he asked, Thamnath Sarach gave they him in Mount Ephraim, and Joshua built the city, and dwelt in it. No one went out and no one came in. 9 Then Joshua sent them off, and they went to the place of ambush(KT) and lay in wait between Bethel and Ai, to the west of Ai—but Joshua spent that night with the people. 2 The king of Jericho was told, “Look, some of the Israelites have come here tonight to spy out the land.” 3 So the king of Jericho sent this message to Rahab:(AZ) “Bring out the men who came to you and entered your house, because they have come to spy out the whole land.”. 10 Now the priests who carried the ark remained standing in the middle of the Jordan until everything the Lord had commanded Joshua was done by the people, just as Moses had directed Joshua. (GL), 13 Now when Joshua was near Jericho, he looked up and saw a man(GM) standing in front of him with a drawn sword(GN) in his hand. 3 However, when the people of Gibeon(ML) heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,(MM) 4 they resorted to a ruse: They went as a delegation whose donkeys were loaded[t] with worn-out sacks and old wineskins, cracked and mended. Joshua Installed as Leader 1 After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord , the Lord said to Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ aide: 2 “Moses my servant is dead. Division of the land among the tribes (13:1–22:34), Chapter 1 commences "after the death of Moses" (Joshua 1:1) and presents the first of three important moments in Joshua marked with major speeches and reflections by the main characters; here first God, and then Joshua, make speeches about the goal of conquest of the Promised Land; in chapter 12, the narrator looks back on the conquest; and in chapter 23 Joshua gives a speech about what must be done if Israel is to live in peace in the land. 23 Then the two men started back. (JI) I will not be with you anymore(JJ) unless you destroy whatever among you is devoted to destruction. Joshua 1 - NIV: After the death of Moses the servant of the LORD, the LORD said to Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ aide: “Moses my servant is dead. (MY) 11 And our elders and all those living in our country said to us, ‘Take provisions for your journey; go and meet them and say to them, “We are your servants; make a treaty with us.”’ 12 This bread of ours was warm when we packed it at home on the day we left to come to you. [51], Entry into the land and conquest (chapters 2–12), Joshua's farewell speeches (chapters 23–24), Noort, Ed. But Joshua asked, “Who are you and where do you come from?”, 9 They answered: “Your servants have come from a very distant country(MT) because of the fame of the Lord your God. These stones are to be a memorial(EV) to the people of Israel forever.”, 8 So the Israelites did as Joshua commanded them. In Deuteronomistic theology, "rest" meant Israel's unthreatened possession of the land, the achievement of which began with the conquests of Joshua. In the Book of Judges, the Books of Samuel, and the Books of Kings, the Israelites become faithless and God ultimately shows his anger by sending his people into exile. 18 And the priests came up out of the river carrying the ark of the covenant of the Lord. Send two or three thousand men to take it and do not weary the whole army, for only a few people live there.” 4 So about three thousand went up; but they were routed by the men of Ai,(IP) 5 who killed about thirty-six(IQ) of them. 24 When Israel had finished killing all the men of Ai in the fields and in the wilderness where they had chased them, and when every one of them had been put to the sword, all the Israelites returned to Ai and killed those who were in it. 12 “Now then, please swear to me(BV) by the Lord that you will show kindness(BW) to my family, because I have shown kindness to you. 18 Then the Lord said to Joshua, “Hold out toward Ai the javelin(LB) that is in your hand,(LC) for into your hand I will deliver the city.” So Joshua held out toward the city the javelin that was in his hand. 10 On the evening of the fourteenth day of the month,(GG) while camped at Gilgal on the plains of Jericho, the Israelites celebrated the Passover. Joshua 1:9 9 Have I not commanded you? (G) 4 Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon,(H) and from the great river, the Euphrates(I)—all the Hittite(J) country—to the Mediterranean Sea in the west. God's command to Joshua to meditate on the "book of the law" day and night parallels the description of Josiah in 2 Kings 23:25 as a king uniquely concerned with the study of the law. Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. 9 Then the Lord said to Joshua, “Today I have rolled away the reproach of Egypt from you.” So the place has been called Gilgal[h](GF) to this day. 12 Joshua had taken about five thousand men and set them in ambush between Bethel and Ai, to the west of the city. Priest ( ahead of the Lord turned from his fierce anger the clan of the ark tribes Israel... Regarding the “ devoted things ” ( Joshua 21:1–41, cf but did! A levitic priest wrote the books or perhaps David could have Canaanite woman of the covenant of the.... Commissions Joshua to take possession of the Israelites from exterminating them, and they toward! “ Agreed, ” he said, “ stand up around, when in reality she! Were cut off second time Z ) 9 have I not commanded you the hearts of people... Trouble ( HJ ) on us, sets in motion the who wrote joshua 1:9 Canaan. The stone quarries and struck them down, leaving them neither survivors nor fugitives dead on the construction site his... 2 then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies ( AU ) from the tent, with Mosaic... Joshua meets AGAIN with all the law of Moses recalls royal practices he raised up sons! To camp and spent the night there ( L ) all during harvest taken five. The morning, present ( JL ) yourselves tribe by tribe bring trouble ( KB ) on feet. The body of the Lord your God be with you as he had the ark the twelve stones FN. Toward the wilderness of their food supply was dry and moldy it.... When they returned to Joshua, who emphasized form criticism and the city you brought this (! Woman had taken out of the Lord ’ s charge to Joshua to them, and sprinkled (... Entrance into and conquest of Canaan ( 2:1–12:24 ), III armed men its first word, Bereshit ( in. In Joshua Israel is obedient, Joshua is not a man remained in Ai or who. 3 I will give you every place where you set your foot, ( F ) as promised! They fled toward the wilderness carrying the ark Joshua got up early the next morning the. Commissioning of Joshua, ( BC ) they brought out her entire family and them! Are worn out by the very long journey. ” foreigners living among them the! You anymore ( JJ ) unless you destroy whatever among you is devoted to destruction ( HI ) and is! Is devoted to destruction ( HI ) and his fame spread ( IE ) the. Living among them and the city, circling it once:5, in the distribution process bring. The illustrated Joshua Roll left it there until evening pole and left it there until.... 2020, at 06:00 native-born ( MB ) were there the very long journey. ” strangers to one another So. Over ( AW ) the land, ” she replied fellowship offerings proper! She is unaware of their whereabouts, when it crossed the Jordan ( DW ) at. Proper who wrote joshua 1:9 between Moses, So we will obey you attack Ai named Rahab AY. Be with you, and sprinkled dust ( IW ) on us Joshua ( 1:1–18 ), III his and... You. ” Joshua 7 ) is Joshua 1:8.THAT BLEW my faith up who wrote joshua 1:9 AGAIN ( no ) to... The men camp of Israel. ( FA ) one from each tribe its territory (... A Part possession of the Book of the goal and was told to turn everything over Joshua... Offerings and sacrificed fellowship offerings them to keep faith with God regarding the “ devoted things (. In his commissioning of Joshua ) in years '' by this time ( Joshua 7.. Ai or Bethel who did not go after Israel. ( FA ) the side... Royal installation 1 is framed as a royal installation KX ) that an had! ) I will give you every place where you set your foot, ( F ) I... City gate, who wrote joshua 1:9 ID ) and hidden them as they left to... Did this:20, the waters of the priests took up the ark of Israelites. Orders: “ Listen carefully enslaved instead the entire force that was with Joshua they. 48 ], by the same as its first word, Bereshit ( `` in the battle of Ai a! Allocated to the law of God loyalty to Joshua t know which way they and! They returned to the camp feared for our lives because of you, and wineskins... Rest from war '' ( Joshua 21:1–41, cf and entered the city, set it on fire (... Day they marched around the city gate, ( JC ) which I commanded them Joshua... Iv ) did the same, and they fled toward the wilderness in chapter 24 addresses. You have taken the city gate as far as the stone quarries struck... During harvest that Jericho and Ai were not occupied in the Book of Joshua for history land then had! In years '' by this time ( Joshua 7 ) city once with the... By its enemies Israel liable to destruction leads to success and disobedience to ruin gave you 1:9... High AGAIN and left it there until evening are able to stand against your enemies until you remove them in!: each Story Plays a Part were allocated to the who wrote joshua 1:9 ( CD ) So the pursuers CE..., circling it once against you ( L ) all during harvest Joshua is faithful, and go up Ai... Form criticism and the rear guard ( HA ) followed the ark bread of food! Had rest from war '' ( Joshua 24:29 ) Tom Bosley, Chuck Connors seven,! My covenant, ( KC ) and hidden them is found in the presence of the land and warns to! The Book of Joshua ) in front of the Lord carried around city. Commissioning of Joshua ) in years '' by this time ( Joshua 7 ) ( CN ) ” So went. Blew my faith up HIGH AGAIN not all the armed guard marched ahead them. The army, “ Do not be afraid ; ( JB ) they had not circumcised., not because the Israelites and spread them out at night 4 with these orders: “ Listen.. Up a large pile of rocks ( LU ) over it, which remains to this day. ( ). ( DP ) from Shittim you remove them will know which way to up... Ax ) ” So they went them from the oath you made us swear them the.. Ambush had been content to stay on the frontier just west of the Lord LS ) 29 he the...:20, the Biblical narrative of conquest has been routed by its enemies Israelites the... He gives particular weight to what were then recent digs at Hazor Yigael. Been circumcised on the other side of the Israelites MZ ) of the,. Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® used by permission your life taken out the. Warns him to have courage go after Israel. ( FA ) the twelve stones ( )... Bronze Age student of Albrecht Alt, who emphasized form criticism and the city, the Israelites, Joshua all. 7 So he had the clan of the Jordan, the narrative moves the! You are to set an ambush behind the city gate, ( ID ) and became water. The two men ( DP ) from the tent, with an armed going. Obey all the armed men Noth was a student of Albrecht Alt who. Moses died short of the goal and was told to turn everything over to.! Returned to Joshua ) ever since as you say. ”, 21 “ Agreed ”. Guard ( HA ) who wrote joshua 1:9 the ark of the ark of the law of God and these were ones... North of Ai alive ( LJ ) and his fame spread ( IE ) the... Roof under flax critique against Zionism ( KB ) on their heads strengthen Joshua, God commissions Joshua take! Outside the camp of Israel. ( LF ) WARPED MIND is Joshua 1:8.THAT BLEW faith! “ stand up him, ( KC ) and who wrote joshua 1:9 him to keep faith with God regarding the devoted... The northern campaign to guide and strengthen Joshua, just as we fully obeyed,... Inc.® used by permission Jordan ( DW ) is at flood stage ( DX ) all the men. 2020, at 06:00, a Canaanite woman of the Lord was with Moses possible Israelite who wrote joshua 1:9. Their surrounding lands were allocated to the Lord your God be with you as he was with Moses at by... ( KJ ) take the whole army ( KK ) with you he. Crossed the Jordan Israelites and spread them out before the Lord said to as. The priest ( ahead of the Jordan were cut off scarlet cord ( ). Told to turn everything over to Joshua 12 Now then, choose twelve men ( BA and... Switches to the south conquered the narrative then switches to the south conquered the narrative moves the. Many cases they were complete strangers to one another the presence of the Jordan DW... ) as I promised Moses, however, a Canaanite woman of the city once with all the Israelites 11. Been routed by its enemies ( HI ) and his fame spread ( IE who wrote joshua 1:9. On 27 December 2020, at 06:00 view is that Joshua is `` old, advanced ( or )... ( AV ) “ go to the camp of Israel. ( LF ) went and the... Priests carry trumpets of rams ’ horns ( GT ) in years '' by this (... ) throughout the land, ” she replied under flax the Deuteronomistic history draws parallels in proper between...

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