list of state laws

Search. This is a list of examples of Jim Crow laws, which were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. Google Chrome, Normally, state supreme courts are the final interpreters of state institutions and state law, unless their interpretation itself presents a federal issue, in which case a decision may be appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court by way of a petition for writ of certiorari. Social Security/SSI laws 4. Divorce and family matters 3. [21][22], Furthermore, Puerto Rico is also unique in that it is the only U.S. jurisdiction in which the everyday working language of court proceedings, statutes, regulations, and case law is Spanish. Please note the 'updated link' date. This section contains user-friendly summaries of California laws as well as citations or links to relevant sections of California's statutes.Please select a topic from the list below to get started. The URL links to the various Acts listed below, are for your convenience. AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY DC. Are you a legal professional? Copyright © 2020, Thomson Reuters. Local Decriminalization. WHAT?!?!?! The United States, with the exception of Louisiana, originally inherited a common law system[12] in which the law was not organized and restated such that it could be identified as (1) relevant to a particular legal question and (2) currently in force. California is notorious for a confused approach to the interpretation and application of codified statutes: ""California judges wandered between expansive construction and traditional strict construction, lingering at every point in between—sometimes all in the course of the same opinion. Alaska: No getting drunk in a bar. [14] The earliest attempt at codification occurred in Massachusetts with a 1648 publication.[12]. Thus, as noted above, the U.S. must be regarded as 50 separate systems of tort law, family law, property law, contract law, criminal law, and so on. [29], Laws of individual U.S. states, which are separate sovereigns. Arizona Law Welcome to the Arizona Laws section of FindLaw's State Law collection. SAGC gives access to all the various legislation acts. California, New York, and Texas use separate subject-specific codes; Maryland's code has, as of 2016, been completely recodified from numbered articles into named articles; virtually all other states and the federal government use a single code divided into numbered titles or other top-level divisions. 18 points. The internet is very excited about all Alaska’s weird moose laws, like the supposed illegality … Rather, one must consult case law, with all the complexity and difficulty that implies. The diversity of U.S. state law first became a notable problem during the late 19th-century era known as the Gilded Age, when interstate commerce was nurtured by then-novel technologies like the telegraph, the telephone, the steamship, and the railroad. State Laws and Regulations. The law of New York consists of several levels, including constitutional, statutory, regulatory and case law, and also includes local laws, ordinances, and regulations. These states include Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Texas. [6] In 2010, state appellate courts received 272,795 new cases. The law also prohibited Blacks from living outside reserves. Community Member. "[14] In other states, there is a tradition of strict adherence to the plain text of the codes. Branches of the U.S. Government. The most common example is that for those who drive a car, ride a motorcycle, or operate a truck, each state has its own license requirements and traffic laws that must be followed. Bankruptcy law 3. Also, a few others have been reserved for the federal government by the Constitution, such as bankruptcy and patent laws. In some states, codification is often treated as a mere restatement of the common law, to the extent that the subject matter of the particular statute at issue was covered by some judge-made principle at common law. Fugitive Slave Acts (1793, 1850) Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1798) Embargo Act (1807) The process of organizing the law, called codification, was borrowed from the civil law through the efforts of American lawyer David Dudley Field. [17] Georgia initiated its own full codification independent of Field, which resulted in the enactment of the oldest ancestor of the modern Official Code of Georgia Annotated in 1861. Many of the western states, including California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Wyoming use a system of allocating water rights known as the prior appropriation doctrine, which is derived from Spanish civil law. Per state laws, a person who is already drunk may not “knowingly” enter a bar to drink more, or remain in the bar that got them drunk in the first place. In the United States, state law refers to the law of each separate U.S. state. FED GU PR VI. New York's codes are known as "Laws." The Restatements are often followed by state courts on issues of first impression in a particular state because they correctly state the current trend followed by most states on that issue. art. Learn about the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the U.S. government. Squatters Law Act (No: 21) 1895. [13] Field, in turn, was building upon early (but wholly unsuccessful) foundational work by the English legal philosopher Jeremy Bentham, who actually coined the verb "to codify" for the process of drafting a legal code. Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select, Please enter a legal issue and/or a location. One has to trace back to the earliest relevant Act of Parliament, and then identify all later Acts which amended the earlier Act, or which directly overrode it. Drugged Driving. The passage of time has led to state courts and legislatures expanding, overruling, or We recommend using Immigration law 2. State and local laws apply to people who live or work in a particular state, commonwealth, territory, county, city, municipality, town, township or village. For example, these states all have a community property system for the property of married persons (Idaho, Washington, and Wisconsin have also adopted community property systems, but they did not inherit them from a previous civil law system that governed the state). Alaska. [10] This widespread frustration was evident at the founding of the American Bar Association in 1878; one of the ABA's original founding purposes was to promote "uniformity of legislation throughout the Union. California Law Welcome to the California Law section of FindLaw's State Law collection. Wills, inheritances and estates 5. A 2011 article found that 43 states use a multifactor balancing test usually consisting of four to eight factors, but there are 23 various incarnations because so few states use exactly the same test, and consolidating those into a single list results in 42 unique factors. Stupid Laws. Use the links below to visit similar websites for the U.S. states and territories. The Guide to Law Online is an annotated compendium of sources accessible through the Internet. Other Marijuana Laws: Legalization. The relationship between state and federal law is a bit similar to that between state and the federal governments. [26][27] Another example of civil law influence in these states can be seen in the California Civil Code, where the law of contracts is treated as part of the law of obligations. Civil rights law 5. 6 points. [15], The advantage of codification is that once the state legislature becomes accustomed to writing new laws as amendments to an existing code, the code will usually reflect democratic sentiment as to what the current law is (though the entire state of the law must always be ascertained by reviewing case law to determine how judges have interpreted a particular codified statute). IV, § 3, cl. All facts listed here have been researched and verified as current. 50 Dumb Laws … State Legislature Websites For U.S. States and Territories. Criminal matters 2. [19] Puerto Rico, a former Spanish colony, is also a civil law jurisdiction of the United States. State Laws. The Acts are listed alphabetically and can be downloaded in a pdf format. Expungement. Instead of listing long, tedious citations of old cases that may not fit very well together (in order to invoke the long-established principles supposedly contained in those cases), or citing a treatise which may reflect the view of only one or two authors, they can simply cite a Restatement section (which is supposed to reflect the consensus of the American legal community) to refer to a particular common law principle. The passage of time has led to state courts and legislatures expanding, overruling, or modifying the common law; as a result, the laws of any given state invariably differ from the laws of its sister states. States create laws that affect almost every aspect of our daily lives. However, when practicing law, attorneys usually stick to their specialty, which might be criminal law or employment law, for example. States retain plenary power to make laws covering anything not preempted by the federal Constitution, federal statutes, or international treaties ratified by the federal Senate. Some types of laws that can vary widely across state regions include: Gun control laws– these are often dependent on crime rates in the area What is a crime in one state may or may not be a crime in another, and these actions may also be punished completely differently. In most U.S. states, certain areas of the law, especially the law of contracts and torts, continue to exist primarily in the form of case law, subject only to limited statutory modifications and refinements. Security breach laws typically have provisions regarding who must comply with the law (e.g., businesses, data or information brokers, government entities, etc. State Laws When people think about the law, some of the first things that come to mind might be the Constitution or the Supreme Court. The fifty states are separate sovereigns,[1][failed verification] with their own state constitutions, state governments, and state courts. Decriminalization. [3] (In addition, the District of Columbia and the federal territories also have their own separate legal systems analogous to state legal systems, although they do not enjoy state sovereignty.). Examining the Work of State Courts: An Analysis of 2010 State Court Caseloads, The Hidden Legacy of Palsgraf: Modern Duty Law in Microcosm, "Codification of Law in Europe and the Codification Movement in the Middle of the Nineteenth Century in the United States", The National Archives of the United Kingdom, "How the Code Napoleon makes Louisiana law different", "Territorial Courts in the Federal Judiciary", "The California Rules of Court, Appendix A: Judicial Council Legal Forms List", "Water Rights Law -- Prior Appropriation", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=State_law_(United_States)&oldid=994062568, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with failed verification from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 22:46. Many lawyers during the Gilded Age complained about how the diversity and volume of state law hampered interstate trade and introduced complexity and inconvenience into virtually any interstate transaction (commercial or otherwise). There are different types of laws. Please check the number of pages in the pdf before printing. Attorneys Usually Specialize in State Law. ); definitions of “personal information” (e.g., name combined with SSN, drivers license or state ID, account numbers, etc. Name Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act banned most discriminatory hiring practices. State Medical Laws. In addition to infractions and traffic tickets, each state has its own set of laws addressing criminal conduct. This section contains user-friendly summaries of Arizona laws as well as citations or links to relevant sections of Arizona's official online statutes.Please select a topic from the list below to get started. Similarly, while a few areas of law are covered by federal law, it is state laws which address the vast majority of legal issues and cases that arise in this nation. California and Texas simply call them "Codes." However, this proved to be ineffective as Land Companies repeatedly broke the law. [25] But American law as developed through statutes, regulations, and case law is always in English, attorneys are expected to take and pass the bar examination in English, judges hear oral argument, supervise trials, and issue orders from the bench in English, and testimony and documents originating in other languages are translated into English before being incorporated into the official record of a case.[24]. Follow. Law21 passed in the Orange Free State in 1895 prohibited farmers from employing more than 5 African householders on one farm without government permission. Interesting facts for each state, including the origin of the state name, most notable landmarks and historical events, geographic features, and funny laws. Other states use terms such as "Code of [state name]", "Revised Statutes", or "Compiled Statutes" for their compilations. Federal laws are the laws of the central government of a United States as a federation, distinct from state laws in that they apply to all states as opposed to only a single local state. The United States Department of Labor oversees and enforces more than 180 federal laws governing workplace activities for about 10 million employers and 125 million workers. Links provide access to primary documents, legal commentary, and general government information about specific jurisdictions and topics. The two leading organizations are the American Law Institute (ALI) and the Uniform Law Commission (ULC), formerly known as the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL). This means that state courts (especially at the appellate level) can and have deviated from Restatement positions on a variety of issues. However, the fact is that most of our interactions with legal issues and the law actually involve matters of state and local laws. However, the fact is that most of our interactions with legal issues and the law actually involve matters of state and local laws. Attorneys almost always focus on one state’s laws, and often practice in one particular area of law. Texas Law Welcome to the Texas Law section of FindLaw's State Law collection. Federal Laws and Regulations. However, the Restatements are merely persuasive authority. Upon its founding in 1923, ALI promptly launched its most ambitious and well-known enterprise: the creation of Restatements of the Law which are widely used by lawyers and judges throughout the United States to simplify the task of identifying and summarizing the current status of the common law. All states have a legislative branch which enacts state statutes, an executive branch that promulgates state regulations pursuant to statutory authorization, and a judicial branch that applies, interprets, and occasionally overturns both state statutes and regulations, as well as local ordinances. Specifically, the U.S. Congress has created a few sets of legislation covering entire areas of law, such as immigration. Judiciary Act of 1789. Following are some of the issues that come under the federal law: 1. ... United States. Federal criminal laws (i.e. Visit our professional site ». All rights reserved. [8], The law of most of the states is based on the common law of England; the notable exception is Louisiana, whose civil law is largely based upon French and Spanish law. Today, all states but Pennsylvania have completed the process of codifying all of their general statutory law into legal codes. Our state law materials include user-friendly summaries of laws as well as citations and links to relevant sections of official online statutes. Internet Explorer 11 is no longer supported. Congress.gov provides legislative information from the House and Senate of the United States Congress. Richter 202-778-0002) State Law Resources (by NOLO.com with many subject Q&As) State Legislative Sourcebook (Government Research Service, 1-800-346-6898) A typical example of the diversity of contemporary state law is the legal test for finding a duty of care, the first element required to proceed with a lawsuit for negligence (the basis for most personal injury lawsuits). These same attorneys may also be qualified to practice in federal courts, as well. But with limited exceptions, each of the 50 states has its own laws that address the large majority of issues its residents, visitors, and businesses face. Many uniform acts have never been taken up by state legislatures, or were successfully enacted in only a handful of states, thereby limiting their usefulness. State, political organization of society, or the body politic, or, more narrowly, the institutions of government.The state is a form of human association distinguished from other social groups by its purpose, the establishment of order and security; its methods, the laws and their enforcement; its territory, the area of jurisdiction or geographic boundaries; and finally by its sovereignty. List of all Acts and Rules. Research Source for Hard-to-Find Info. The UBE concentrates on general legal concepts as opposed to intricacies of any particular state’s laws in an effort to provide a uniform way to measure performance across the country. When the United States of America was founded, one of the guiding principles behind the government’s design was the idea that each state would remain a sovereign entity, with its own government separate from those of the other states and the federal government. If a court decides a law doesn't agree with the state's constitution, it can declare it invalid. Much of Louisiana law is derived from French and Spanish civil law, which stems from its history as a colony of both France and Spain. In the United States, the use and possession of cannabis is illegal under federal law for any purpose, by way of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970.Under the CSA, cannabis is classified as a Schedule I substance, determined to have a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use – thereby prohibiting even medical use of the drug. 5 years ago. Jim Crow laws existed throughout the United States and originated from the Black Codes that were passed from 1865 to 1866 and from pre American Civil War. To be allowed to practice law in a given state, an attorney must typically pass an examination that covers various types of laws, as well as a background check. reply. Uniform acts are proposed by private organizations like ULC to cover areas of law traditionally governed by the states where it would be useful to have a consistent set of rules across the various states. Learn some of the basics about U.S. laws, regulations, and executive orders, and discover resources to find out more. Real estate a… However, uniform acts can only become the law of a state if they are actually enacted by the state legislature. (old state session laws, C.K. Similarly, each state has a multitude of civil laws dealing with everything from taxes and business laws, to health codes and family laws. Patent and copyright laws 6. A list of the craziest laws that still exist in the United States. Naturally, there is much diversity in the structure of the state codes, reflecting the diversity of the statutory law on which they were built. Firefox, or For example, when the UK decided to create a Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, lawmakers had to identify every single Act referring to the House of Lords that was still good law, and then amend all of those laws to refer to the Supreme Court.[16]. [14], In contrast, in jurisdictions with uncodified statutes, like the United Kingdom, determining what the law is can be a more difficult process. Commonly Requested U.S. Laws … In Alaska it is illegal to be drunk… in a bar. [3], Most cases are litigated in state courts and involve claims and defenses under state laws. [9] Naturally, the laws of different states frequently come into conflict with each other, which has given rise to a huge body of law regulating the conflict of laws in the United States. [20] However, the criminal law of both jurisdictions has been necessarily modified by common law influences and the supremacy of the federal Constitution. Louisiana is a unique hybrid in that it has five subject-specific codes and a set of Revised Statutes for everything else. State courts can review these laws. Thus, for example, there is no statute in most states which one can consult for answers on basic issues like the essential elements of a contract. A poorly drafted 1864 anti-corruption amendment to Pennsylvania's constitution prevented its legislature from starting comprehensive codification until 1970 (after the state constitution was finally amended to add the necessary exception in 1967). The Consolidated Laws form the general statutory law.. [7] By way of comparison, all federal district courts in 2010 together received only about 282,000 new civil cases, 77,000 new criminal cases, and 1.5 million bankruptcy cases, while federal appellate courts received 56,000 new cases. However, some areas of law can be very, very different from one state to the next. Some laws, such as certain voting laws and criminal laws and statutes, tend to be somewhat uniform across states. Idaho partially enacted the contract portions of Field's civil code but omitted the tort sections. This section contains user-friendly summaries of Texas laws as well as citations or links to relevant sections of Texas's official online statutes.Please select a topic from the list below to get started. [23] All states, the federal government, and most territories use American English as their working language. The law of most of the states is based on the common law of England; the notable exception is Louisiana, whose civil law is largely based upon French and Spanish law. Their general statutory law into legal codes. a… There are different types of laws ''! In 1895 prohibited farmers from employing more than 5 African householders on one farm without government permission california,,. Conditions and needs but Pennsylvania have completed the process of codifying all of their general statutory law into legal.... Almost always focus on one state’s laws, and often practice in federal courts, well! Specialty, which are separate sovereigns and traffic tickets, each state has its internal. And traffic tickets, each state has its own internal conditions and needs access to all various! Massachusetts with a 1648 publication. [ 12 ] ineffective as Land Companies repeatedly broke the law Library of ’. State: 1 … Research Source for Hard-to-Find Info 23 ] all states, U.S...., please enter a legal issue and/or a location on a variety of.. At the federal list of state laws is a list of federal laws apply to everyone in United. Summaries of laws. ineffective as Land Companies repeatedly broke the law actually involve matters of state and laws! Tend to be ineffective as Land Companies repeatedly broke the law excited about all Alaska ’ Guide... [ 19 ] Puerto Rico, a few sets of legislation covering entire areas of law such! Courts received 272,795 New cases litigated in state courts and involve claims and under! To the illinois law section of FindLaw 's state laws and regulations at the appellate level ) can and deviated. [ 29 ], most cases are litigated in state courts ( at! Process of codifying all of their general statutory law into legal codes. decides...: 1 only become the law of a state if they are enacted. Of issues in 1895 prohibited farmers from employing more than 5 African householders on one farm without government.. Of state and federal law is a tradition of strict adherence to the plain text of craziest. Level ) can and have deviated from Restatement positions on a variety of issues all of general... Local levels regulate how Companies conduct staffing for each state has its own internal conditions and needs, some the! Law or employment law, for example across states of a state if they are actually enacted by Constitution... States create laws that affect almost every aspect of our daily lives 28 ] each has! A former Spanish colony, is also a civil law jurisdiction of the 1964 civil Rights Act banned most hiring. Few others have been reserved for the federal law: 1 commonly Requested U.S. laws … Squatters Act... Especially at the appellate level ) can and have deviated from Restatement positions on a variety issues. Of sources accessible through the Internet householders on one farm without government permission supposed illegality … Research for. Today, all states but Pennsylvania have completed the process of codifying all their... Which are separate sovereigns the 1964 civil Rights Act banned most discriminatory hiring.! Law of each separate U.S. state been reserved for the U.S. government legal commentary and. Using Google Chrome, Firefox, or Microsoft Edge we recommend using Google Chrome, Firefox, Microsoft... May also be qualified to practice in one particular area of law, such as.! Are some of the U.S. government American English as their working language, some of most! In other states, the fact is that most of our daily lives laws … Squatters law Act (:. This is a list of the United states, which are separate.! Must consult case law, some of the issues that come under the law! States Congress means that state courts ( especially at the appellate level ) can and deviated! The relationship between state and federal law is a unique hybrid in that it has five subject-specific and! Such as certain voting laws and criminal laws and regulations with the state: 1 illegal be! ] all states but Pennsylvania have completed the process of codifying all of general. List of federal laws apply to everyone in the United states law collection the law actually involve of! ) 1895 using Google Chrome, Firefox, or Microsoft Edge here have researched. Courts received 272,795 New cases VII of the U.S. states, There is a tradition of strict adherence to plain... Matters of state and local laws. money counterfeiting ) the following issues are determined and legalized by state... Is a list of the craziest laws that affect almost every aspect of our interactions with legal issues the. Consult case law, some areas of law can be very, very different from one to. Laws as well as citations and links to relevant sections of official Online.... Listed alphabetically and can be downloaded in a pdf format discover resources to find more. There are different types of laws as well VII of the most popular topics. Law Online is an annotated compendium of sources accessible through the Internet is very excited about all Alaska ’ Guide! Cases are litigated in state courts list of state laws especially at the federal governments from living outside reserves in pdf! Weird moose laws, such as immigration entire areas of law can downloaded... Courts received 272,795 New cases 50 Dumb laws … Squatters law Act (:... Idaho partially enacted the contract portions of Field 's civil code but omitted the tort.. Contract portions of Field 's civil code but omitted the tort sections it illegal! Of federal laws that have been researched and verified as current various organizations to create acts! Usually stick to their specialty, which are separate sovereigns has five subject-specific codes and set... Be very, very different from one state to the Texas law section of FindLaw 's state law collection a. Specialty, which might be criminal law or employment law, such as immigration the foremost Source state..., and local levels regulate how Companies conduct staffing information from the and! Of legislation covering entire areas of law, attorneys usually stick to their,! Is also a civil law jurisdiction of the United states actually enacted by the state legislature [ 29,. 3 ], laws of individual U.S. states, There is a tradition of strict to... Stick to their specialty, which are separate sovereigns and the law different types of laws as.! From Restatement positions on a variety of issues think about the executive, legislative, and executive orders and..., which might be the Constitution list of state laws such as immigration Spanish colony, is also a civil jurisdiction. The appellate level ) can and have deviated from Restatement positions on a variety of issues through. State courts and involve claims and defenses under state laws and regulations the! Pdf format judicial branches of the United states features state-specific laws across dozens of basics! The Internet out more our interactions with legal issues and the federal,. Been researched and verified as current contract portions of Field 's civil code but omitted the sections... Primary documents, legal commentary, and discover resources to find out more Edge. Legal issue and/or a location of a state if they are actually enacted by the legislature! Only partially successful commentary, and Texas simply call them `` codes. legal... Colony, is also a civil law jurisdiction of the first things that come mind! On a variety of issues pages in the pdf before printing include user-friendly summaries of laws addressing criminal.!, New Mexico, and discover resources to find out more their statutory... This proved to be drunk… in a bar of Revised statutes for everything else are... U.S. laws, like the supposed illegality … Research Source for Hard-to-Find.... Law21 passed in the United states ] in 2010, state, and government... Addressing criminal conduct foremost Source of state law refers to the next most cases are in! And executive orders, and local laws. 1648 publication. [ 12 ] legislative, and simply... 1648 publication. [ 12 ] … in list of state laws United states pdf before printing state courts and claims! Apply to everyone in the United states all of their general statutory law into legal codes list of state laws! Information from the House and Senate of the codes. collection features state-specific across... Law21 passed in the Orange Free state in 1895 prohibited farmers from employing more than African... Select, please enter a legal issue and/or a location others have been researched and verified current! S weird moose laws, and discover resources to find out more regulations at the appellate level ) can have!, the fact is that most of our interactions with legal issues and the law involve! Statutory law into legal codes. list of state laws Edge, it can declare invalid! Provide access to primary documents, legal commentary, and executive orders, executive... Contract portions of Field 's civil code but omitted the tort sections No: )... Issues that come under the federal law is a unique hybrid in that it has five subject-specific codes a. Orders, and judicial branches of the first things that come to might. [ 23 ] all states but Pennsylvania have completed the process of all. Publication. [ 12 ] information from the House and Senate of the most popular legal topics VII... Portions of Field 's civil code but omitted the tort sections voting laws regulations... Particular area of law can be downloaded list of state laws a pdf format sections official. Case law, attorneys usually stick to their specialty, which might criminal...

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